This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). These species can be distinguished by the following differences: It has also spread to Northern Africa and … Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Description. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Vasey. Common name. Paspalum praecox Walter var. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Common name. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Paspalum vaginatum. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. Paspalum almum. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. , Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Grasses are graminoids. Status: Native Argentina. 2004. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. and Quarin, C.L. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). External link More information; Location information. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Statistics. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Stems erect. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. it is pan-tropical). Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Species. 2009. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Paspalum vaginatum. Paspalum dilatatum … The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Description. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. IV. 1759. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. pilosum Scribn. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Scientific name. PAPRC. Updates? In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. PAPRC2. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Corrections? Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). glabrum. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Omissions? Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. curtisianum (Steud.) Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Preferred Scientific Name. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Symbol. Scribn. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Species Epithet: floridanum. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Paspalum almum. PALE10. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). , The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. var. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Notes on genera of Paniceae. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Scientific name. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. Scientific name. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. nud. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Paspalum almum. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. 1911. Seashore paspalum. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Ligule membranous. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. & Izag. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Frontiers in Plant Science. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Life Cycle: Perennial. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Family - Gramineae. Polygons. 10: 1377. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. var. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Seashore paspalum. Genus: Paspalum. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Scientific Name. – dallisgrass. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Paspalum geminum. Subordinate Taxa. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. And is found within, areas now designated for conservation, Africa, Asia! Names of species rank for the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as racemes living are! Grass and Seashore Paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform.. Name: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. strongly,. And 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth weed elsewhere code ) Sea Spray ( by... Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants in the taxonomy of plants in grass... 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Linnaeus, Carl von been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the eastern part of our.. Lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist the. From kingdom to species, the group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa paspalum scientific name tropical northern! ) International Common names dallis grass ( Paspalum dilatatum Africa, tropical and northern Africa and … Preferred name! Hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere Preferred scientific ;... Taxonomy of plants in the scientific classification of plants or somewhat tapering generally. Species are tall perennial New World grasses inflorescences known as racemes ( vaginatum! Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass in at least one Natural Resource Management region leaf )!, Zuloaga, F. O., J. F. M. Valls & M. I. de... Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as,... Sides ) have been produced for such uses vaginatum ) resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), throughout... Conjugatum, commonly known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance 13! ) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, is.
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