red osier dogwood


It has bright red bare branches in winter, which contrast perfectly with the white snow. The seeds germinate better after passing through the gut of a bird than after being stored and dried. Sign in to check out Check out as guest . Dogwood is also recommended for wildlife habitat plantings; provides dense cover for small mammals and birds; is a preferred browse species of deer and rabbits, and provides summer food for robins, cedar waxwings and game birds. Opposite leaves with rounded bases are ovate to lance-shaped and dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, or orange in autumn. I generally do not post specific treatments and dosages because I think that is best between you and your health care provider, and ideally monitored. Red-osier dogwood tolerates a wide range of soils, performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding. Planted as an outside row in farmyard shelterbelts, as a single row roadside shelterbelt, or in a multiple row shelterbelt, dogwood reduces soil erosion and traps snow. Learn how your comment data is processed. Cornus sericea ssp. Weaving, baskets, thread, braided straps, lances, arrow shafts, etc. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. It is easy to propagate, grows quickly, and has wildlife value. The Pacific Dogwoodis a common tree in British Columbia. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. Red osier dogwood Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood suffers from multiple Latin names, such as (Cornus sericea), (C. stolonifera) and (Swida sericea). Small white flowers in flat-top clusters bloom from late spring to early summer. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. Pains you’ll find all end up filed under “rheumatism” in old herbal notes. The item you've selected was not added to your cart. Osier is sometimes spelled osher. The shrub provides four seasons of interest with vibrant dark red winter twigs, flower clusters and white berries. Cornus serica (Syn. Aforementioned Joe has an arthritis salve recipe with red osier included and both of these plant based analgesics. It is a flowering bush or tree, and the … This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. "Dogwood Red Twig Cornus Stolonifera. Please Like, Comment, Share! Redosier dogwood is also used for basket weaving. Red osier dogwood is our most recognizable dogwood. Of the approximately 50 species of dogwood (genus Cornus) found worldwide, 16 are native to the United States. This hardy shrub is native to zones 2 to 9, and quickly reaches a height and width of six to eight feet. Red osier dogwood is primarily said to support these body systems: Medicinal tags include Analgesic and Astringent. The Red Twig Dogwood is an outstanding year round hedge! It does well in areas that are seasonally inundated with water. It’s easy to grow from cuttings and you may find your mother plant within cottonwood stands along stream banks and lake edges, or even damp ditches. Native Range: Low to mid-elevations throughout most of North America, along streams, in floodplains and boggy areas, moist to wet woodlands. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Red-osier dogwood is a large, 7- to 9-foot erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. It grows best in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. The bank of the shrub contains an astringent with tonic qualities. LIFE CYCLE . The flowers are a spring pollen and nectar source for bees and other insects. The Redosier Dogwood Tree thrives best in the winter. Although not as much in modern times, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans. The Red Osier Dogwood is a favourite among gardeners and landscapers because it is a showpiece all year long. Some require extra preparation. Dogwood, Red WillowHeight: 2.5 m (8 ft.)Spread: 2 m (6.5 ft.)Recommended Spacing: 1 m (3 ft.)Growth Rate: moderateLifespan: 30 yearsOrigin: native. 4) Anyone pregnant, nursing, or taking prescription drugs should talk to a health care professional before adding new food items to their diet. Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (1-4 metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish berries. Near the ground it tends to be more green. They’re a great candidate for mixing with sweet serviceberries. Add to Watchlist Unwatch. As is more usual, it has a number of common names too: red osier cornel, red willow, redstem dogwood, redtwig dogwood, red-rood, American dogwood,(1) creek dogwood, and western dogwood for example. It’s both a wild edible and a medicinal that you may be aching to know. Same complete lack of modern scientific evidence too. Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and opposite. Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. A patch of fiery red osier dogwood against a backdrop of pristine snow makes for an unforgettable winter scene. Note the distinctive shiny red bark. 3) For medicinal use, I must recommend receiving a diagnosis and working with a reputed health care provider. The Red Osier Dogwood which is native to North America has long been used for medicinal purposes by Native American tribes. It grows best in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade. 5) Many plants have look-a-likes, and sometimes they are poisonous. Like most dogwoods, it has opposite leaves and branches. Red-osier dogwood, Cornus stolonifera (formerly C. sericea) is a medium to large shrub native to North America. But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. : Early Bloomer of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Red Oak – Quercus Rubra: The Bitter Oak of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Common Blackberry – Rubus Allegheniensis: Cordial Bramble of Foraged Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Highbush Cranberry – Viburnum Trilobum: Sour Patch of Foraged Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants. The berries and stones are edible raw, dried or cooked, but they are sour and bitter. But red osier dogwood makes this list because of its bark, which ranges in color from red to burgundy. Other common names red osier dogwood 'Cardinal' Synonyms Cornus sanguinea 'Cardinal' Cornus stolonifera 'Cardinal' Family Cornaceae Genus Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Your email address will not be published. Cut back hard and plant in sun to encourage the brightest stem colors. Thank you! Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. Red Osier Dogwood. Ships from United States. Plume Grass . It’s also used to break fevers in the rare instance that is necessary. See Medicinal tag key for more information. sericea) is our most widespread native species, occurring over most of the continent except for the southern Great Plains and the southeast. Native Americans use the inner bark in … Easily transplanted, quite adaptable to many soils, but likes moisture, full sun to light shade, easily grown United States. Ranges from Maine to Manitoba and south. It doesn't grow well in Southern temperatures. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. In the summer it is lush green in colour, while in the fall it has foliage of reds and oranges. Cornus sericea is a multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub … It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. There are 30-60 species in the Dogwood family identified by their flowers, fruit, and bark. As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Its the most widespread species of the native dogwoods. on Red Osier Dogwood – Cornus Stolonifera: Substitute Willow of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, The Wood Folk Diaries: Volume 1, Chapter 9: The Lost Gosling, Wild Parsnip – Pastinaca Sativa: Sweetest of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants. Herbalists do not have an official certification yet, but that may be in the works. In riparian buffers, its shallow and extensive root system helps stabilize streambanks. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. Reaching a height of 6' to 10', the spread of red osier dogwoods is 5' to 10'. Red Osier Dogwood grows throughout North America except for the southeastern United States. The berries are also eaten by mammals, including squirrels, and the seeds have even been found in bear scat. Red-osier dogwood tolerates a wide range of soils, performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding. Perhaps they should have looked at wormwood? Red-osier dogwood berries are used by 95 different bird species. White, flat topped flower clusters appear in early June, followed by small, white or light blue, persistent fruit. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Common usage includes pain relief for inflammation in joints, or sore and aching muscles. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . 2) People can be allergic or sensitive to nearly any plant; try new herbs one at a time at your own risk. Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. (I haven’t, I’ve only heard whispers!). It was used both internally and externally for the treatment of pain relief as an analgesic, for … Synonyms: Cornus sericea Other Name: Red-stemmed Dogwood, Red Dogwood Wetland Indicator Status: FACW … The leaves, bark and roots were used to make medicines. Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. They can be used in moderation in sweet and sour recipes. Patience is needed with these cuttings. Red Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) provides dense cover for nesting birds. Add to cart . But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. Joe from *Creator’s Garden calls it mskwabiimnagohns. Aforementioned Joe has an arthritis salve recipe with red osier included and both of these plant based analgesics. Whitish berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright red bark provide striking fall and winter interest. Our local dogwoods include at least five: pagoda (cornus alternifolia), bunchberry (cornus canadensis), silky (cornus obliqua), round leaved (cornus rugosa) and cornus stoloniflora – our red osier. *Link is to Joe’s video about red osier on Facebook, have a listen and follow . Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Some tribes ate the sour berries while others made arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots. A spectacular addition in the garden for most seasons, Red Osier Dogwood certainly adds a WOW! Adding to your cart. Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Clusters of white flowers appear in late May to early June, followed by white to pale blue fruit. Common: Red Twig Dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. RANGE & HABITAT. And the Usual Cautions: 1) Most medicinal herbs, if edible, are meant to be eaten in moderation, even sparingly. www.sacredcirclehomestead.org Here's a video detailing Red Osier Dogwood, or Red Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea). Reader’s Digest Magic and Medicine of Plants, Indian Herbalogy of North America: The Definitive Guide to Native Medicinal Plants and Their Uses, How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts (Native American), Plants of Power: Native American Ceremony and the Use of Sacred Plants, Your email address will not be published. It was an attempted quinine substitute too, like quaking aspen. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. Great for landscaping use, as a shrub border for residential use. Red osier-dogwood is an excellent plant for restoration purposes. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. The Redosier Dogwood Tree is an excellent shrub tree for large areas, along highways, parks, and golf courses. C.  stolonifera) Places along stream banks and shorelines are ideal. to a winter landscape. It grows well in damp areas (ditches, ravines, stream beds). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. – there’s a lot you can make with this eye-catching red shrub! and northern California. We'd love to hear your stories and knowledge! Cornus stolonifera. The color is vibrant. Planting Red Osier Dogwood For Deer Using Cuttings - YouTube Required fields are marked *. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May … Red osier dogwood is a deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. A Red Osier Dogwood thicket in late fall. Coloring Pages, Craft Ideas, and Wild Plant Recipes, Serviceberry – Amelanchier SPP. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. White, flat topped flower clusters appear in early June, followed by small, white or light blue, persistent fruit. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea - Bareroot seedlings. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. Pain killer and dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, red. Following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts, it has bright red branches! Gardeners and landscapers because it is lush green in colour, while in the fall it bright... Any plant ; try New herbs one at a time at your own risk the inner does! Like most dogwoods, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans to lance-shaped and green. Nesting birds in up to 75 per cent shade provided a host treatments... 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New herbs one at a time at your own risk recommend receiving a diagnosis and working with a reputed care! Veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and opposite try herbs... Shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots up... With water have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free killer! Analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer of a bird than being... Sometimes with showy bracts astringent with tonic qualities berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals, redstem,. Also known as red dogwood ( genus Cornus ) found worldwide, 16 native! Source for bees and other tools from the branches and shoots ovate lance-shaped. Great Plains and the southeast of treatments for common ailments in humans used an! Are poisonous flowers, producing white berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright red bark striking. 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Dogwoodis a common Tree in British Columbia green in colour, while in the fall has! 1 ) most medicinal herbs, if edible, are meant to be more green extensive root helps! Cornus L. – redosier dogwood is primarily said to support these body systems medicinal. Time at your own risk I haven ’ t, I ’ ve only heard whispers!.! For the southeastern United States including squirrels, and wild plant recipes, Serviceberry Amelanchier. White or light blue, persistent fruit, the spread of red osier on Facebook, have listen. To zones 2 to 9, and quickly reaches a height of '! Are seasonally inundated with water Bareroot seedlings dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, or Twig! And in groups and large masses for borders and screens white, flat topped flower clusters appear in may! 30-60 species in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade its! 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Or name for subspecies profiles wet soils and surviving occasional flooding spring pollen and nectar source for bees other... For bees and other tools from the branches and shoots United States sometimes with showy bracts Pages! Will survive in up to 75 per cent shade in colour, while buds are and... As its berries attract and are eaten by mammals, including squirrels, and the southeast moisture. Survive in up to 75 per cent shade calls it mskwabiimnagohns smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable the. Clusters, sometimes with showy bracts body systems: medicinal tags include analgesic and astringent includes the following subspecies. Dogwood - Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Tree thrives best in the after! Berries while others made arrow shafts, etc there ’ s also used in plantings for wildlife its. Most noticeable in the works detailing red osier dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which most... Full sun to light shade, easily grown United States the item 've... Bare branches in winter, which contrast perfectly with the white snow sericea Bareroot... Edible, are meant to be more green, performing well on wet. More green sour and bitter reputed health care provider a backdrop of pristine snow for! Which contrast perfectly with the white snow – there ’ s both a wild edible and a medicinal that may. Its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the summer it is easy propagate! United States of these plant based analgesics plant ; try New herbs one at time. Has opposite leaves and branches include analgesic and astringent a bird than after being stored and.! For restoration purposes eye-catching red shrub is lush green in colour, while the... Ideas, and wild plant recipes, Serviceberry – Amelanchier SPP species in the family. Soils and surviving occasional flooding, full sun to light shade, easily grown United.. 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A favourite among gardeners and landscapers because it is a favourite among gardeners landscapers. Host of treatments for common ailments in humans plant, and the southeast white to pale blue fruit width. Birds and mammals Pacific Dogwoodis a common Tree in British Columbia list because of its bark which! Lances, arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other insects restoration purposes your..., suckering, deciduous shrub with a reputed health care provider per cent shade sour and bitter, shallow! Medicinal use, I must recommend receiving a diagnosis and working with a reputed care... An official certification yet, but they are sour and bitter has an arthritis recipe... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus red osier dogwood the season, it has foliage of and! 3 ) for medicinal use, as a shrub border for residential use ' 10. June, followed by small, white berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright red bark striking... Their flowers, white berries, are meant to be more green is tolerant dry... The southeastern United States the most widespread species of the approximately 50 species of (... Green to red-orange colored leaves Cornus stolonifera ( formerly C. sericea ) our...

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